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Horticulture in Jharkhand

Horticulture in Jharkhand

The pictures that you will see in this slide show are real pictures of the produce of Jharkhand. See for yourself what all can be grown in Jharkhand. Also, please read through the text under each slide, though they are un-related to the corresponding picture, they run a story on opportunities existing in the Horticulture sector.

Jharkhand has the required climate and soil to grow virtually anything here. The region, across its length and breadth, experiences wide spectrum of climate and soil on which a large range of horticultural crops such as Fruits Vegetables, potato and other tropical tuber crops Ornamental, medicinal and aromatic plants Plantation crops Spices, cashew and cocoa can be grown.

The state government, with the support of Horticulture & Agro Forestry Research Centre (HAFRC), helps by imparting Horticulture techniques to the farmers and the scope for prospective entrepreneurs. HAFRC is a part of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and it helps explore and utilize the horticultural potentials of tribal dominated plateau region of Jharkhand.

The Jharkhand advantage

In horticulture, Jharkhand is well ahead of many other states. A variety of fruits are grown in an area of 76,750 hectares:

Custard apple22,000 tonnes
Papaya30,000 tonnes
Guava78,000 tonnes
Mango1,21,000 tonnes
Jackfruit2,71,000 tonnes
Litchi8,200 tonnes

Vegetables occupy about 99,000 hectares:

Tomato2 lakh tonnes
Cauliflower1.5 lakh tonnes
Cabbage1 lakh tonnes
Peas1.1 lakh tonnes
Sweet Potato1.2 lakh tonnes
French beans60,000 tonnes
How HAFRC can help?
  • Plant genetic resource management and crop improvement.
  • Standardization of integrated management practices for water, nutrient, pest and diseases for higher yield and quality.
  • Multiplication and supply of genuine planting materials and seeds to growers.
  • Transfer of promising technologies to growers through various participatory programmes, exhibitions, field days and media, etc.
  • Adequate land being used for plantation for research purposes.
  • Laboratories on fruit science, vegetable science, soil science, plant pathology and entomology are provided to facilitate proper research.

Research Infrastructure of HAFRC

  • Field laboratories, ponds, deep tube wells, etc. are built to carry out experimental works.
  • High-Tech nurseries have been set up with green houses, net house and mist chamber for round the year plant propagation.
Potential areas for development of horticulture in Jharkhand
  • Processing Industries
  • Export oriented fruit, vegetable and ornamental gardening
  • Cold storage
  • Micro propagation
  • Floriculture
  • Exotic vegetables
  • Bio fertilizer and Bio pesticides
  • Medicinal and Aromatic plants
  • Mushroom culture
  • Vegetable seed production
  • Nursery for fruit plants
Processing Industries

Strength in Horticulture and traditional skill of the farmers provide ample opportunities for Food processing industries.

Abundant availability of raw materials in different fruit and vegetable crops throughout the year particularly aonla, mango, litchi, tamarind, and jackfruit among the fruits and tomato, cauliflower, cabbage, mushrooms among vegetables.

Establishment of processing industries will be helpful to utilize the surplus produce during the season. The processed/ value added product can meet the requirement during off season. This will not only regulate the market but also enhance the production in this region.

Export oriented fruit, vegetable & ornamental gardening

The Chotanagpur and Santhal Pargana areas possessing mild tropical climate and well drained fertilized soil offer suitable climate for cultivation of a number of fruits, vegetables and ornamental crops having better export potential.

Micro propagation

Commercial plant propagation through tissue culture to meet the growing demand is the need of the hour. Opportunity exists for setting up a micro propagation unit for propagation of cultivars of different horticultural crops to meet the demand. This will generate employment to the rural youth and improve their economic condition. Micro propagation linked with commercial cultivation of flowers for domestic and export market would bring quantum change in the present state of floriculture.

A large area of the state still remains unused or merely used for crop production which can be brought under different horticultural crops for sustainable development of the state. At present only 1.05 lakh ha (4.5% of cultivable land) area is under different horticultural crops. As per projections, about 80,000+ ha area has to be brought under fruit production which will require about 348.1 lakh fruit plants.

Thus there is a need for establishment of large scale disease free plant multiplication unit in the state. Micro-propagation is one of the most efficient methods for rapid multiplication of plants.


Investment in Hi-tech floriculture for the export oriented crops provide better opportunities for high profit. These include roses, gerbera, orchids, lilies, gladiolus for export market. Marigold, chrysanthemum, gladiolus, gerbera, tuberose, dahlia, golden rod etc. offer immense potential for internal market. The type of cut flowers available under protected cultivation in the region is of world class. Development of onward linkages with International market will open up a new era in commercial floriculture.

Exotic vegetables

The climate of the state is very conducive for the cultivation of exotic vegetables such as Broccoli, Red cabbage, Baby corn, Kale, Swiss chard etc. which have growing market in the state as well as adjoining areas.

Bio fertilizer and Bio pesticides

In the present time of bio intensive agriculture, several production units of bio fertilizer and pesticides are required. This is more particularly required in Jharkhand state as the land is always deficient in nutrients and low cost and renewable source of N, P, K and micro nutrients can be obtained through these products. Bio pesticides are required also for environmental safety.

Medicinal and Aromatic plants

The region has large forest cover which serves as reservoir for large number of medicinal and aromatic plants species. Systematic collection, conservation and utilization of these plants to cure different diseases will be helpful in establishing industries based on these plants in this region.

Mushroom culture

The Jharkhand state has a mild climate which is well suited to cultivate different types of mushrooms. The raw material like paddy straw is abundantly available in the region which can be utilized for rearing mushrooms whereas its waste can be used for production of vermi-compost an excellent source of organic matter for crops, fruits, vegetables and nursery management.

Vegetable seed production

Production of quality seeds of vegetables particularly onion, French bean, okra, brinjal, tomato, cowpea and pea is a highly remunerative venture for the state of Jharkhand. Technologies for seed production in vegetables for this region are available which can be adopted at large scale for the upliftment of the region's economy.

The added advantage of this enterprise is the utilization of family labors for production of much remunerative commodities which will sustain and uplift the farmers economy. It is estimated that 75 - 90 tonnes of seeds of different vegetables are presently required for the domestic market.

Nursery for fruit plants

Since the region has immense potential for fruit production, ensured supply of quality planting material of different fruit plants has great scope. The region has the added advantage of a mild climate supported with medium – high rainfall, where nursery business can flourish in a better manner. Availability of manpower will also facilitate this enterprise in the region. Apart from fruits, ornamental plants can also be propagated and distributed in large scale. It is projected that if horticulture development is taken in right earnest, the number of fruit crops saplings will be 20 - 30 lakhs every year for at least 10 - 15 years.

The Benefits as per state Industrial Policy, include…
  • Technical support and training facilities for efficient production of crops.
  • Employment generation based incentives.
  • Reduced stamp duty and registration on purchase / acquisition of land and building.
  • Feasibility study - Project report cost reimbursement subsidy.
  • Capital investment incentive.
  • Pollution control equipment subsidy.
  • Interest subsidy.
  • Commercial tax benefits.