Bokaro is a small river which flows into the Konar, a tributary of Damodar. A village by the name of Bokaro lies on the northern bank of the Konar. Bokaro Thermal Power Station of the Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) is located at a distance of 28 kms west of the Chandrapura Thermal Station also of DVC, on the northern bank of Damodar. The Tenughat Dam, which is the source of industrial water for the steel plant rises on the Damodar. The Dam on the Garga the source of drinking water for the steel city is due south of tenughat at an aerial distance of about 27 km. BSL is located on the site where formerly a village by the name of Maraphari existed. It was connected to a railway station also known as Maraphari on the Muri - Chandrapura line on the south eastern railways. With the coming up of the Steel Plant the station was renamed as Bokaro Steel City.
The nearest small town to the steel city is Chas, lying at the south - eastern tip of the site on the junction of the Dhanbad - Ramgarh - Ranchi and Dhanbad - Purulia - Tatanagar roads. It is a commercial centre of Agriculture produce of the area. Chas is the Headquarters of the subdivision.
Bokaro district may be categorised into three natural formations:
- Central plateau
- Lower plateau
- Damodar, Ganga & Tenughat Valley
|Height above sea level||210 m|
|Annual Rain Fall||157 cm min.|
|195 cm max.|
|Temperature||-2 °C min. in winter|
|45 °C max. in summer|
|Wind Direction||South West to North East|
The district falling in tropic monsoon region has broadly three pronounced seasons:
|Cool Season||October to February|
|Hot Season||March to May|
|Rainy Season||June to September|
Industries in Bokaro
Bokaro is known as Steel city, because the largest steel plant of our country is situated here. The giant public sector SAIL has their steel plant situated at Bokaro Steel City known as BSL or Bokaro Steel Plant. About 40 thousand people are working in this plant. The steel plant is well organized concern having rich infrastructure in Bokaro Steel City.
The Damodar valley corporation, a public sector is having their two big power captive plants situated at Bokaro Thermal & Chandrapura respectively. Both these units have huge infrastructures.
The Coal India Limited, a public sector has their 2 subsidiaries in this district i.e. CCL & BCCL respectively located at Bermo, Dugda & Chandankiyari area respectively. Both these subsidiaries are having rich infrastructure in the area.
JSEB, state public sector has their own power captive plant located at Lalpania near Tenughat. This unit is also having rich infrastructural support in the area.
The multinational private sector ICI has their explosive unit at Gomia. This unit has also huge infrastructural support in Gomia.
Bokaro industrial area is located in Bokaro steel city established by state public sector BIADA (Bokaro Industrial Area Development Authority). The several organized SSI units are situated in this industrial area and they are having good infrastructural support.
Bokaro has nearest commercial air base at Ranchi (130 km) and nearest private air base at Bokaro Steel City.
Ground water status
The principal source of ground water recharge in the district is rainfall. However, return flow of irrigation water seepage from canals, influent seepage from streams are the additional source of recharge of ground water body. Most of the rivers and rivulets are effluent in greater part of the year and these do not significantly re - charge.
Ground water data:
|Total ground water resources||238.10 mcm|
|Utilizable ground water resources for irrigation||202.41 mcm|
|Quantity of ground water resources for PHED and industrial use||35.69 mcm|
|Net ground water draft||1.88 mcm|
|Ground water balance||200.53 mcm|
Water Supply in Bokaro
Out of six prominent township in the district, only two i.e. Bokaro Steel City and Chas are having very limited but organized ground water supply for domestic purposes, through shallow bore wells, deep bore wells, hand pumps etc.
The other sources of water supply at Bokaro Steel City and Chas is through Tenughat dam and Garga dam. The rest of township depends on surface water resources canals, hand pumps etc. The rural areas of the district depends on dug-wells, hand-pumps, rivers, ponds, canals etc. for domestic water purposes.
Agriculture and Land Utilization
The district being mostly covered by hills & forest the soil generally is rocky & sandy while it is alluvial near the riverbed (about 23% of the geographical area) area of the district.
- Agricultural land - 165539.36 hect
- Irrigated land - 41577.74 hect
- Forest cover - 24%