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Jharkhand - the mineral rich state of India
Cool, quiet, industrious, disturbance free...
Jharkhand, which came into existence on 15th November 2000, is widely acclaimed as the region of future. It has enormous potential for Industrialization. Its large deposits of minerals provide a solid launching pad for all kinds of Industries. The region with an area of 74,677 sq km, and a population of 26 million has unlimited scope for growth and development.
Jharkhand is generously endowed with such mineral wealth which probably no other state in the country can boast of. 33% of the country's coal reserves is in Jharkhand. Other than coal Jharkhand inherits immense reserves of various other minerals like iron ore, bauxite, copper, chromite, china clay, dolomite, granite, mica, magnetite, titanium, tungsten, uranium, kyanite, gold, felspar, quartzite just to name a few. Besides minerals, Jharkhand is gifted with adequate water resources, relatively moderate climate and a very fertile land, providing tremendous scope for hydel power generation, horticulture and floriculture. The state offers a large pool of trained man power, good educational & technical institutions, research laboratories, a favorable industrial climate, good rail, road & telecommunication network.
Jharkhand is a land locked territory bound by the state of Bihar on the north, West Bengal on the east, Orissa on the south, and Chattisgarh on the west.
The state extends between 22 degrees north and 25.50 degrees north latitudes and 83 degrees east and 87.75 degrees east longitudes approximately. The state of Jharkhand, presently, consists of 22 districts distributed over an area of 79,714 sq km.
Physio-graphically, Jharkhand is characterized by the Chotanagpur Plateau. The Chotanagpur Plateau consists of a series of plateaux of different elevations - the most important ones being the Ranchi plateau, the Ramgarh plateau and the Hazaribag plateau. Tectonically, these regions have witnessed three organic movements which are also responsible for the rich mineral deposits found in the state. Jharkhand has some of the richest deposits of iron and coal in the world apart from being a part of one of the most industrialized regions in the country. It is also endowed with a rich forest cover.
The radial centrifugal drainage system of Jharkhand consists of rivers like Koel, Subarnrekha, Damodar, Barakar, Ajoi, Mor, Konar and Bokaro. Most of these rivers are relatively dry during summer but exhibit torrential flow, rapids and falls during the monsoon season. Jharkhand has a vast potential for generating hydel power as is exemplified by the location of the famous Damodar Valley Corporation in the state.
Rivers in Jharkhand
Damodar, Mayurakshi, barakar, Koyal, sankh, Son, Auranga, More, Karo, Bansloi, South Koel, Kharkai, Swarna Rekha, Ganga, Gumani, Batane