Facts, Figures, Statistics
The state of Jharkhand was born in the year 2000 breaking out of the larger state of Bihar. Located in the eastern region of India, the state shares its borders with Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal and Chattisgarh. Jharkhand is gifted with all relevant natural resources - being a mineral rich state with 40% of India's mineral reserves that include coal, iron ore, bauxite, kyanite, mica, copper and uranium, to name a few. Hence this small state does deserve attention and cannot be ignored by investors looking for profitable ventures.
Jharkhand is the 13th most populated state in India with a population of 32,966,238 spread over an area of 79,714 sq km (Census 2011).
Jharkhand's population growth in past 2 decades
At the time of 2001 census the population was 26,945,829. During 1991-2001 population grew by 23.4%. In this decade, the highest growth of 30% was recorded in Chatra district and the lowest growth of 12.6% was recorded in the Khunti district.
During 2001-11 the state’s population grew by 22.3%. In this decade the highest growth of 32.6% was recorded in Kodarma district and the lowest growth of 11.9% was recorded in Dhanbad district. The most populated district is Ranchi, followed by Dhanbad. The least populated district in Lohardaga.
Density of Population
The average density of population in Jharkhand was 338 in 2001 census. It reduced to 274 in 1991 census. Now it has grown significantly to 414 per sq km in 2011census. Dhanbad is the densest district having a population density of 1284 per sq km. Sahibganj follows Dhanbad with a population density of 719 per sq km.
The 0-6 age-group population has a sex-ratio of 943 females to 1000 males. Though this figure is slightly higher than the national average of 940, it is lower than the total population’s sex ratio of 947 which suggests a male bias in the state. The districts of Dhanbad (908) and Bokaro (916) have registered the worst sex ratios in the state. West Singhbhum district has the best sex ratio at 1004 followed by Simdega at 1000, Khunti at 994 and Gumla at 993.
The literacy rate in Jharkhand is 67%, a remarkable improvement from the figure of 54%, 10 years back. The male literacy has increased from 67% in 2001 to 78% in 2011. The female literacy has jumped from 40% in 2001 to 56% now.
The highest literacy rate is recorded at 77% in Ranchi district and the lowest is at 50% in Pakur district. The East Singhbhum district has the second best literacy rate at 76% followed by Dhanbad with almost the same rate.
The female literacy is highest in Ranchi at 68% followed by East Singhbhum at 67% and Dhanbad at 65%. It is lowest in Pakur at 41% preceded by Sahibganj at 44% and Godda at 45%.
How Jharkhand’s statistics compares with rest of India?
With respect to the country’s population of 1,210,193,422, Jharkhand stands at 2.7%. The state is spread over an area of about 79,000 sq km, one of the smaller states in the country in terms of area. The density of population per sq km at 414 is above the national average by a good 32 points. The state has a growth rate of about 22% which slightly exceeds the national growth rate of about 17%. The population of the state is rising considerably more due to the lack of education and lack of understanding about family planning. The literacy rate in the state is about 67% vis-à-vis the national average of 74%, a figure that needs instant correction and steps to do so need to be put into effect immediately. The sex ratio in Jharkhand at 947 is slightly better than the national average of 940.
Quick Facts & Figures
|Population Density||414 persons/sq km|
|Child population (0-6 years)||5,237,582|
|Child Sex Ratio (0-6 years)||943|
|Established||15th November 2000|
|Chief Minister||Hemant Soren (JMM)|
|Languages||Hindi, Santhali, Mundari, Bengali, Oriya, HO, Kurukh|
|Per capita Income||₹ 4161 per month|
|No. of Districts||24|
|No. of Sub divisions||38|
|No. of Blocks||260|
|No. of Villages||32,620|
|Total Geographical Area||79.70 lakh hectare|
|Cultivable Land||38 lakh hectare|
|Net Sown Area||18 lakh hectare (25% of total area)|
|Net Irrigated Area||1.6 lakh hectare (8% of net sown area)|
|Forest||29% of total area|
|National Highways||1844 km|
|State Highways||6880 km|