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Agriculture & Agro Based Industries



Opportunities in Agriculture and Agro based Industry

Jharkhand has a progressive farming community and diverse agro climatic conditions suitable for the cultivation of a wide range of crops. The state has assured supply of fruits & vegetables that are grown by applying scientific techniques, investment in post harvest technology and a decent transport infrastructure. The state is richly endowed with fertile soil, abundant water, fertile climate, and low cost labour, that creates favorable conditions for setting up Agro based industry here. The government gives more thrust to food processing and preservation related industries as it directly impacts the mass rural population by creating more off-farming jobs, bringing greater value addition and increasing the income of rural workforce. Hence, the promotion of Agro based industries is among the priorities of the state government.

Several departments of government of India (including department of Food Processing Industries, Rural Development, Commerce & Industry, MSME, Agriculture, etc.) directly or through agencies such as APEDA, provide support to various elements of the value chain through existing programmes & schemes. In addition to these the state government also helps private investors in developing end to end integrated projects in agro industry or food processing value chain, by providing a convergence of all existing schemes. The state government is also willing to provide viability gap funding or other necessary help. The help of international funding agencies like World Bank, ADB and IFAD can also be taken in this sector.

Marketing of the produce of Agro based industry is not an issue. While the huge population of India provides a huge market, decent industrialization and urbanization of Jharkhand has increased the purchasing power of the people thereby creating a market for agro-food processed products within the state itself. This sector also has immense export potential which can be exploited taking advantage of ports available within 200-300 km and accessible via the national highway.


Opportunity for setting up Food Parks

A Food Park is an agri/horticultural processing estate developed for individual processing units with support infrastructure, including some common processing facilities and other services where needed, and linked with a well established supply-chain both inside and outside the estate. Such food parks would enable particularly small and medium enterprises to attain viability by sharing the cost of major common facilities such as R&D, cold storages, warehousing, pack houses, laboratory for food testing and analysis, effluent treatment plant, common processing facilities, power, water supply, etc. Jharkhand is in dire need of such food parks. This brings in a great business opportunity for larger business houses who have the funds and wherewithal to take up such projects. Food Parks can be established on land either acquired privately or made available by the state government. Such parks are also entitled for the same benefits as envisaged for other types of parks provided by the state under its Industrial Policy. The developer of Food Park on government land or land provided by Industrial Area Development Authorities, are allowed to sub-lease the land to other food processing industries.


Opportunity for setting up Cold Storage Facilities

Huge opportunity exists for setting up of new cold chain/cold storage and also upgradation of existing facilities. Subsidies up to 55% in schedule area and 40% in non schedule areas are available. Further, the government aims to provide quality power at agricultural rate to such cold storage/cold chain facilities for five years.

The state government has also laid out in its Industrial Policy to provide an assistance of 25% of capital cost up to a maximum of Rs 50 lakh, as incentive, on private investment in this project and on private land made available for this project.


Opportunities in the area of Fish Cultivation

Fish cultivation has emerged as one of the major income generation activity in the State. The state's fish production has increased from 14,000 MT to 72,000 MT in last 10 years. It could be achieved with help of the state government and involvement of Matsya Mitra - a voluntary body, in quality seed production which has increased from 9.0 crore to 67 crore in last 10 years. This concept of Matsya Mitra has been accepted by NIRD as the most innovative concept and one of the best practices. There are 3600 Matsya Mitra in the state and about 24,000 families are dependent on fishing activity for their livelihood. Existing water bodies in the State include 1.15 lac hectare reservoirs, 55,000 hectare tanks and 1800 km rivers.

Since the State has already started promoting reservoir fish culture with the help of NFBD, de-silting and development of reservoir is essential to enhance the production of fishes and generate employment.

Apart from sustained technical and financial support from the government, development of cold chain network, marketing network, web based information system for farmers etc. are also required to increase additional income of rural families through reservoir fish culture.

Considering the demand and status of fish industry in the state investment opportunities exist across the value chain such as pond management, harvesting, sorting/grading, packaging and marketing infrastructure. Opportunities also exist in pisciculture in development of new ponds for composite fish culture, setting up of carp hatcheries, promoting fish farming along with animal husbandry activities.

Opportunities also exist in prawn cultivation and ornamental fish which have a decent market in the state.


Other areas of opportunity in Agro based Industry

  • Cattle feed
  • Jute, Hemp, Sisal and other fabrics
  • Tea Cultivation
  • Paper
  • Floriculture
  • Horticulture
  • Training of farmers & entrepreneurs in cultivation process
  • Post harvest technology
  • Cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants
  • Distribution of high yielding / hybrid seeds of vegetables and planting materials of fruits
  • Tissue culture products
  • Grain handling & Storage
  • Production of Juices, Pulps, Extracts of Fruits & Vegetables, Canned Fruits & Vegetables
  • Brined, Pickled and Pasteurized Vegetables
  • Poultry farming

Some Useful Data

Vegetable Production in Jharkhand vis-a-vis India

A comparative study on the basis of Area, Production and Productivity

VegetablesArea (Hectares)Production (Ton)Productivity (Ton/He)
IndiaJharkhandIndiaJharkhandIndiaJharkhand
Brinjol

Cabbage

Cauliflower

Ladies finger

Onion

Green peas

tomato

Pumpkin

Greenchilly

Others
434,202

218,381

220,025

430,525

393,500

223,965

355,684

8,700

 

1,948,165
8,190

5,510

9,075

15,385

5,296

 

11,091

 

4,021

12,724
64,433,062

3,861,684

2,473,987

4,031,811

4,080,000

2,341,313

5,441,967

10,400

 

24,077,438
98,000

82,000

136,000

154,000

79,000

 

183,000

 

4,100

196,000
14.84

17.68

11.24

9.36

10.32

10.45

15.30

 

-

12.36
11.96

14.88

14.98

10.00

14.91

-

10.99

11.95

10.19

15.00

Fruit Production in Jharkhand vis-a-vis India

A Comparative study on the basis of Area, Production and Productivity

VegetablesArea(Hectares)Production(Ton)Productivity(Ton/He)
IndiaJharkhandIndiaJharkhandIndiaJharkhand
Mango

Leechi

Guava

Banana

Papaya

Lemon

Jackfruit

Others
128,303

48,570

131,625

433,019

60,921

454,082

 

574,280
6,040

791

3,313

995

4,332

3,316

4,096

2,543
10,810,357

364,613

1,501,296

13,095,087

1,327,668

3,998,271

 

7,148,052
61,000

6,000

33,000

8,000

43,000

43,000

41,000

25,000
8.43

7.51

11.41

30.24

21.83

8.37

 

12.45
10.09

150.11

9.96

10.32

9.92

12.96

10.00

9.83

Availability of Horticulture Produce in Preserved Food Market in Jharkhand

ProducePreserved Food
Amla FruitsChawanprash, Candy, Jam, Pickle & Dry Beverages
MangoPickle, Beverages, Packing Tin, Jam, Packed Fruits
GuavaJelly, Beverages, Toffies
LeechiLeechi Nut, Beverages, Packed Fruits
JackfruitPickle, Packed Seeds, Dry Fruit
PearJam, Packed Slice
Castard AppleDry Churan
TamarindDry Fruits, Churan of Seeds
TomatoKetchup, Pulp
BeanPickle, Packed Fruit
CauliflowerPacked Food, Pickle
CabbagePacked Food
CucumberPacked Slice
PeasPacked Food Preserver in Salted Mater

National and International Market of Horticulture Produce from Jharkhand

Horticulture ProduceNational MarketInternational Market
FrutsLeechi, Mango, Amla, Jack Fruit, Custard Apple, TamarindLeechi, Amla, Tamarind
VegetablesPeas, Bean, Tomato, Cauliflower, Chilli, Cucumbar, Ladies FingerParwal, Onion, Dhania Leaves
Ornamental PlantRose, Gladiolus, China Easter, Rajnigandha, Orchid, Gerbera, DaliaRose, Gladiolus, Orchid, Gerbera
Mushroom & SpicesOyster & Button Mushroom, Ginger & Turmeric.Button Mushroom, Turmeric


Agricultural Map of Jharkhand