- Facts, Figures, Statistics
- History of Jharkhand
- Jharkhand's Culture
Agriculture & Agro Based Industries
Opportunities in Agriculture and Agro based Industry
Jharkhand has a progressive farming community and diverse agro climatic conditions suitable for the cultivation of a wide range of crops. The state has assured supply of fruits & vegetables that are grown by applying scientific techniques, investment in post harvest technology and a decent transport infrastructure. The state is richly endowed with fertile soil, abundant water, fertile climate, and low cost labour, that creates favorable conditions for setting up Agro based industry here. The government gives more thrust to food processing and preservation related industries as it directly impacts the mass rural population by creating more off-farming jobs, bringing greater value addition and increasing the income of rural workforce. Hence, the promotion of Agro based industries is among the priorities of the state government.
Several departments of government of India (including department of Food Processing Industries, Rural Development, Commerce & Industry, MSME, Agriculture, etc.) directly or through agencies such as APEDA, provide support to various elements of the value chain through existing programmes & schemes. In addition to these the state government also helps private investors in developing end to end integrated projects in agro industry or food processing value chain, by providing a convergence of all existing schemes. The state government is also willing to provide viability gap funding or other necessary help. The help of international funding agencies like World Bank, ADB and IFAD can also be taken in this sector.
Marketing of the produce of Agro based industry is not an issue. While the huge population of India provides a huge market, decent industrialization and urbanization of Jharkhand has increased the purchasing power of the people thereby creating a market for agro-food processed products within the state itself. This sector also has immense export potential which can be exploited taking advantage of ports available within 200-300 km and accessible via the national highway.
Opportunity for setting up Food Parks
A Food Park is an agri/horticultural processing estate developed for individual processing units with support infrastructure, including some common processing facilities and other services where needed, and linked with a well established supply-chain both inside and outside the estate. Such food parks would enable particularly small and medium enterprises to attain viability by sharing the cost of major common facilities such as R&D, cold storages, warehousing, pack houses, laboratory for food testing and analysis, effluent treatment plant, common processing facilities, power, water supply, etc. Jharkhand is in dire need of such food parks. This brings in a great business opportunity for larger business houses who have the funds and wherewithal to take up such projects. Food Parks can be established on land either acquired privately or made available by the state government. Such parks are also entitled for the same benefits as envisaged for other types of parks provided by the state under its Industrial Policy. The developer of Food Park on government land or land provided by Industrial Area Development Authorities, are allowed to sub-lease the land to other food processing industries.
Opportunity for setting up Cold Storage Facilities
Huge opportunity exists for setting up of new cold chain/cold storage and also upgradation of existing facilities. Subsidies up to 55% in schedule area and 40% in non schedule areas are available. Further, the government aims to provide quality power at agricultural rate to such cold storage/cold chain facilities for five years.
The state government has also laid out in its Industrial Policy to provide an assistance of 25% of capital cost up to a maximum of Rs 50 lakh, as incentive, on private investment in this project and on private land made available for this project.
Opportunities in the area of Fish Cultivation
Fish cultivation has emerged as one of the major income generation activity in the State. The state's fish production has increased from 14,000 MT to 72,000 MT in last 10 years. It could be achieved with help of the state government and involvement of Matsya Mitra - a voluntary body, in quality seed production which has increased from 9.0 crore to 67 crore in last 10 years. This concept of Matsya Mitra has been accepted by NIRD as the most innovative concept and one of the best practices. There are 3600 Matsya Mitra in the state and about 24,000 families are dependent on fishing activity for their livelihood. Existing water bodies in the State include 1.15 lac hectare reservoirs, 55,000 hectare tanks and 1800 km rivers.
Since the State has already started promoting reservoir fish culture with the help of NFBD, de-silting and development of reservoir is essential to enhance the production of fishes and generate employment.
Apart from sustained technical and financial support from the government, development of cold chain network, marketing network, web based information system for farmers etc. are also required to increase additional income of rural families through reservoir fish culture.
Considering the demand and status of fish industry in the state investment opportunities exist across the value chain such as pond management, harvesting, sorting/grading, packaging and marketing infrastructure. Opportunities also exist in pisciculture in development of new ponds for composite fish culture, setting up of carp hatcheries, promoting fish farming along with animal husbandry activities.
Opportunities also exist in prawn cultivation and ornamental fish which have a decent market in the state.
Other areas of opportunity in Agro based Industry
- Cattle feed
- Jute, Hemp, Sisal and other fabrics
- Tea Cultivation
- Training of farmers & entrepreneurs in cultivation process
- Post harvest technology
- Cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants
- Distribution of high yielding / hybrid seeds of vegetables and planting materials of fruits
- Tissue culture products
- Grain handling & Storage
- Production of Juices, Pulps, Extracts of Fruits & Vegetables, Canned Fruits & Vegetables
- Brined, Pickled and Pasteurized Vegetables
- Poultry farming
Some Useful Data
Vegetable Production in Jharkhand vis-a-vis India
A comparative study on the basis of Area, Production and Productivity
|Vegetables||Area (Hectares)||Production (Ton)||Productivity (Ton/He)|
Fruit Production in Jharkhand vis-a-vis India
A Comparative study on the basis of Area, Production and Productivity
Availability of Horticulture Produce in Preserved Food Market in Jharkhand
|Amla Fruits||Chawanprash, Candy, Jam, Pickle & Dry Beverages|
|Mango||Pickle, Beverages, Packing Tin, Jam, Packed Fruits|
|Guava||Jelly, Beverages, Toffies|
|Leechi||Leechi Nut, Beverages, Packed Fruits|
|Jackfruit||Pickle, Packed Seeds, Dry Fruit|
|Pear||Jam, Packed Slice|
|Castard Apple||Dry Churan|
|Tamarind||Dry Fruits, Churan of Seeds|
|Bean||Pickle, Packed Fruit|
|Cauliflower||Packed Food, Pickle|
|Peas||Packed Food Preserver in Salted Mater|
National and International Market of Horticulture Produce from Jharkhand
|Horticulture Produce||National Market||International Market|
|Fruts||Leechi, Mango, Amla, Jack Fruit, Custard Apple, Tamarind||Leechi, Amla, Tamarind|
|Vegetables||Peas, Bean, Tomato, Cauliflower, Chilli, Cucumbar, Ladies Finger||Parwal, Onion, Dhania Leaves|
|Ornamental Plant||Rose, Gladiolus, China Easter, Rajnigandha, Orchid, Gerbera, Dalia||Rose, Gladiolus, Orchid, Gerbera|
|Mushroom & Spices||Oyster & Button Mushroom, Ginger & Turmeric.||Button Mushroom, Turmeric|